Primary Record Groups

'Primary' Record Groups - An Overview

Canadian records for Genealogists & Family Historians

An overview of some of the 'primary' record groups that are available for research specific to locations in Canada, and the Province of Ontario.

  • Ship's Passenger Lists
    • Indexes for all of North America - 1600 - 1900's
    • Canadian Passenger Ship Manifests - 1865 - 1935
    • Supporting Information - Ships, Routes, Accounts, Wrecks, etc
  • Canadian Immigration Records
    • Canadian Passenger Ship Manifests - 1865 - 1935
    • US/Canada Border Crossings - 1908 - 1919
    • 'Home Children' from England - 1869 - 1928
    • Immigrants from China - 1889 - 1945
    • Immigration Records since 1919
  • Census Returns
    • For all of Canada
      • Heads of Household: 1841 and earlier - (very limited coverage - write for specifics)
      • All persons: Decadal, 1851 through 1901
    • England - Essex County, and some London, England areas
  • Records generated under the 1940 National Resources Mobilization Act
  • Civil Registration of Births, Marriages, and Deaths (equivalent to Vital Statistics)
    • Ontario
      • - Births: 1869 - 1898
      • - Marriages: 1869 - 1913
      • - Deaths: 1869 - 1923
    • England and Wales: B, M, & D from 1837
  • Military Records
    • British Service in North America
    • Local Militia Units - British and Canadian
    • Canadian Units: Boer War, Canadian Expeditionary Force, etc.
  • Land Registration Records
    • Canada
      • Original Crown Grants and Patents to Land for such reasons as Military Service, etc.
    • Ontario
      • Records for specific pieces of property date from the earliest Crown grants. Later records can include Wills, and additional interesting information pertaining to inter-family loans and land transfers can often be identified
  • Cemetery and Monumental Inscription Compilations - Ontario
    • The Ontario Genealogical Society has been recording Monumental Inscriptions across the Province, and a partial, electronically searchable database is operating.
  • Probate and other Estate File Records - Ontario
    • Records pertaining to the disposition of the Estate of anyone who died in Ontario posessing property are available
  • City and other regional Directories - for all of Canada, 1800 - 1996
  • Telephone Directories, from 1879, for Ontario and Quebec
  • Tax Lists - Municipal Assessment and Collector's Rolls - Ontario, 1800 - 1900's
  • Church Records - Ontario, all denominations;
  • Divorce Petitions - Presented to the House of Commons, for all of Canada.
  • Parish Registers - Essex County and some areas of east London, England, 1538 - 1976
  • Newspapers - for all of Canada, and all time periods
  • United Empire Loyalist (UEL) information
  • Full Internet surname and information searches
  • And much more............

Contact Bruce D. Murduck   concerning any matter at all.