Anglican to Roman Catholic,
and back to Anglican,
in Kingston in the 1850s and 1860s
The facts as presented:
A woman who was married in 1876, in the village of Kirkfield, Eldon Township, Victoria County, Ontario, Canada, later said that she had been born in the City of Kingston in 1855. The Bride and the Groom both informed the minister who performed the marriage ceremony that they were both 'Church of England', or Anglican, in their religious beliefs. And, this religious preference was presented by the woman and her family in all subsequent records created after 1876 which pertain to them. The names of both parents of the Bride were recorded in the civil marriage record in 1876. A potential 'father candidate' had been identified - but he was of the Roman Catholic faith, and he was living in South Crosby Township, Leeds County, Canada West, in early 1852, when the '1851' Census of the Province of Canada West was taken. South Crosby Township is quite some distance north-east of the City of Kingston.
To discover any information about the birth of the woman who married in Kirkfield in 1876, and to discover who her parents were.
The records examined:
Roman Catholic registers of Baptisms, Confirmations, Marriages and Burials from the Parish of St Mary, Kingston, Ontario; 1851 and 1861 Census of Canada West schedules from the City of Kingston, Loughborough and Portland Townships (all in Frontenac County), and South Crosby Township in Leeds; 1871, 1881 and 1891 Census of Canada schedules from the same places, as well as from Victoria County; Ontario provincial civil marriage and death registry records; Anglican / Church of England registers of Baptism, Marriage and Burial from several places within the Diocese of Ontario; and more.
The 'father-candidate' of Roman Catholic faith was proven to be the father. He had converted to Roman Catholicism from Anglican, in Kingston in 1842, as did his bride immediately before their 1854 marriage in St Mary's Roman Catholic church in the City of Kingston. An 1855 Roman Catholic baptismal record was found for the woman who married in 1876, as was one for a previously unkown sister, baptised in 1857. Discouragingly, a Roman Catholic burial record was also found for the father. These records combined to illuminate that names of both sets of grandparents of the woman who married in 1876. With this information, it was subsequently possible to break through a long-standing 'brick wall'. The widow of the father who was buried - the mother of the 1876 bride, was identified as residing in 1861 within the household of a family of Anglicans in rural Frontenac County, north of the City of Kingston.
- - - - - - Project 111026 (Comopleted in 2011}